Margaret McCuaig-Johnston is Senior Fellow in the Institute for Science, Society and Policy at the University of Ottawa where she is lecturing and writing on China’s innovation policies since 2013. In addition, she is a Senior Fellow at the China Institute of the University of Alberta where she has published research on China’s innovation system and Canada-China S&T relations. Over a 37 year career in the public service, Margaret held senior management positions in the Governments of Canada and Ontario. She has visited China more than a dozen times, the first in 1979 when the country had just started opening up to the West. She is also a member of the Canada Committee of Human Rights Watch.